This article takes you through the whole process of Installing Upgrading windows,7,8, 10. It starts by analyzing the pre-installation tasks, step by step without skipping any any step.
In this article, you will learn how to
- Identify and implement pre-installation tasks
- Install and upgrade Windows 7,8,10 Pro, and any other windows operating system.
- Troubleshoot installation problems
- Identify and implement post installation tasks .Define-Operating system,
NOTE: Not all installations go smoothly, so go to section three looks at troubleshooting installation issues.
This process is like any good movie, it has a beginning , a middle, and an end. In this case, the beginning is the several task you need to do before you actually do the installation or upgrade. If you follow every instructions given in this article, you will discover that the installation process is as simple as ABC and the post installation are minimal.
Don’t get discouraged at all of the preparation tasks, they usually go pretty fast and skipping them can cause you to restart the installation process all again from boot startup, with that in mind, i have taken it upon myself to share the the seven (7) tasks you need to complete before you insert that CD or DVD.
Here is the list bellow :
- Identify hard ware requirements.
- verify hardware and software compatibility
- determine how to backup and restore existing data, if really necessary.
- select an installation method
- determined how to partition the hard drive and what file system to use.
- determine your computer’s network role.
- plan for post installation tasks
TASK1: Identify hard ware requirements: Hardware requirements helps you decide whether a computer system is a reasonable/compatible host for a particular operating system.
Requirements include the CPU model. The amount of RAM , the amount of free hard disk space , the video adapter , the display, and the storage device that may be required to install and run the operating system.
NOTE: you could install an OS on a computer with the old minimum that Microsoft published
Later in this article ,I will tell you what I recommend as minimum for windows 7,8,10.
TASK2: Verify hardware and software compatibility: let’s assume your system meets the requirements, you next need to find out how well windows supports the hardware and software you intend to use under windows. You have three sources for this information.
First , the setup wizard that runs during the installation does a quick check of your hardware. Microsoft also provides a free utility, usually called UPGRADE ADVISOR, which you can run on a system to see if your hardware and software is compatible with the newer version of windows. Second is, Microsoft provides web sites where Tupi can search by model number of hardware or by a software version to see if it plays well with windows.
Third , the manufacturer of the device or software will usually provides some form of information either on the product box or on their website to tell you about windows compatibility.
TASK3: Setup Wizard/Upgrade Advisor: When you install windows,the setup wizard automatically checks your hardware and software and reports any potential conflicts. It’s not perfect, and if you have a critical issue like a bad driver for your video card, setup wizard may simply fail.
To ensure that your PC works well with windows, Microsoft has put a lot of hardware and software through a series of certification program to create a list of devices that work with windows. The challenge is that Microsoft seems to change the name of the list with every version of windows.
TASK4 Decide what type of installation to perform: You can install windows in several ways, A clean installation of an OS involves installing it onto an empty hard-drive or completely replacing an existing installation. An upgrade installation means installing an OS on top of an earlier installed version , thus inheriting all previous hardware and software settings.
You can combine versions of windows by creating a multi boot installation. Installing usually involves some sort of optical disc , but other methods also exist . Let’s look at all the options.
TASK5 Clean installation, Installing and Upgrading Windows: A clean installation means your installation ignores a previous installation of windows, wiping out the old version as the new version of windows installs. More reason why a clean installation is most preferable is that you don’t carry problems from the old OS over to the new one. while the disadvantage is that you need to reinstall all your applications and reconfigure the desktop and each application to the users preference.
To perform a clean installation you practically have to set up your CMOS to boot from the optical drive before your hard drive. You then boot off a windows installation disk , and windows gives you the opportunity to partition and format the hard disk and then install windows.
The third option you need to be aware of is the dual boot or multiboot installation. Which means that your system has more than one window installation and you may choose which installation to use when you boot your computer. Every time your computer boots, you will get a menu asking you which installation to use when you boot you computer.
Every time your computer boots, you will get menu asking you which version of windows you wish to boot. This method(multiboot installation) requires that you format your active partition with file system that every operating system you install can use.
TASK6: Determine how to back up and reset existing data, if necessary: Whether you run a Clean installation, upgrade, or multi boot ..you may need to buck up your existing user data first , because things can go very wrong either way, and the data on the hard-drive might be damaged. You’ll need to find out where the user is currently saving data files .
If they are saved in the local hard disk , it must be backed up before the installation or upgrade takes place . However to be on the saver side, I strictly advise that you back up all your important data file before embarking on this installation process.
Note- If a user saves data locally. And the computer is connected to a network , save to network location, you are in luck , because the data is safe from damage during installation.
TASK7 Decide on your computer’s language and locale settings : These settings are especially important for windows operating systems because they determine how date and time information is displayed and which math separators and currency symbols are used for various locations.
Plan for post -installation Tasks:
After installing windows, you may need to install the latest service pack or updates. You may also need to install updated drivers and configure any settings, such as:
network settings,that are not yet installed. You’ll also need to install and configure any applications(like Microsoft office, spreadsheet, database, e-mails, games, Photoshop etc.) As required by the user of the computer.
Do not forget to restore any data backed up before the installation or upgrade.